Jean-Léon Gérome (1824-1904)
Painter, sculptor, and teacher, one of the most prominent late 19th-century academic artists in France. Gerome, whose father was a goldsmith, studied with J.H. Delaroche. His historical and mythological compositions were anecdotal, painstaking, often melodramatic, and frequently erotic. The surfaces of his paintings were highly finished, and he was fascinated with technical virtuosity. He was a good draftsman and an inventive illustrator. A trip to Egypt in 1856 introduced an exotic element into his painting. During the last 25 years of his life he concentrated on sculpture. A highly successful artist, Gerome exerted great influence in the Paris art world.
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