Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933)
Louis Comfort Tiffany is the eponymous Art Nouveau stained glass artist who was also a painter, craftsman, philanthropist, decorator and designer. Internationally acknowledged as one of the greatest forces of the Art Nouveau style, Tiffany made significant contributions to the art of glassmaking and for the revival of the Art Nouveau style in the 1960s.
Tiffany's stained glass experiments began in 1875 and three years later he had his own glassmaking factory in New York City. By the 1890s, Tiffany was a leading glassmaker because of his unique coloring methods. International fame resulted from the glass he called Favrile, which translates roughly as handmade from old French. Tiffany's Favrile Glass was iridescent and shaped freely with faux bronze alloys and other metals.
Tiffany signed his original stained glass artwork L.C. Tiffany or simply L.C.T. These pieces became immensely popular, especially in central Europe where it became quite fashionable during the late 19th and early 20th century and during an Art Nouveau revival in the 1960s. From 1896 to 1900, Tiffany created a vast amount of blown Favrile glass pieces with mysterious and impressionistic effects.
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