Charles Rennie Mackintosh (1868-1928)
Largely under-rated in his homeland during his lifetime, Charles Rennie Mackintosh was an architect, designer and painter who influenced European design, in the early 1900s. Recently he has achieved the recognition his work deserves, both in Scotland, and worldwide. Mackintosh was born in Glasgow in June 1868. At the age of 16 he was apprenticed to the firm of John Hutchison, and studied at Glasgow School of Art in the evenings. While still attending the School of Art, Mackintosh won several prizes.
While at Glasgow School of Art he met Margaret Macdonald, a talented designer, who he would later marry. Together with her sister, Frances and Herbert McNair, they were known as "The Four", and exhibited their designs in Glasgow, London, Vienna and Turin. In 1893, Mackintosh designed his first major work, the Glasgow Herald building - The Lighthouse. Over the next few years he designed several buildings including Glasgow School of Art and Queen 's Cross Church, now home to The Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society.
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