Luca della Robbia (1400-1482)
Italian Sculptor Luca della Robbia sculpted primarily enameled terracotta roundels and was one of the pioneers of the Florentine Renaissance style. The della Robbia family names has since been come to be associated with the enameled terracotta sculptures they created. Luca della Robbia was the uncle of fellow sculptor Andrea della Robbia.
Della Robbia sculpted initially exclusively in marble. Eventually, he developed a pottery glaze that made his sculptures more durable against the elements of nature and thus more suited for the facades of buildings. Della Robbia's terracotta's were art alone, sculpted and added to walls to serve as art in an architectural context.
In 1481, della Robbia sculpted a series of reliefs which is arguably his most important work. This series included Song of the Lutes and Blast of the Horns. Della Robbia created reliefs and altarpieces in bronze, marble and his signature terracotta white figures on blue ground until his death in 1482.
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