Giovanni da Bologna (1524-1608)
Flemish-born sculptor Giovanni da Bologna was a sculptor known for his marble and bronze statues, which he completed in the late Renaissance, or Mannerist, style. Spending most of his life in Florence, Bologna was influenced greatly by Michelangelo s sculptures.
The Rape of the Sabine Women is a complex marble sculpture, depicting three figures compact, yet spiraling upward. This prime example of the Mannerist style of sculpture is considered Bologna s masterpiece. The Mannerist style of sculpting was marked by an emphasis on refined surfaces rather than emotion. This change also signified a move away from the sculptures of classical antiquity that Bologna studied as a young man.
Bologna was the most successful sculptor of his time, making the Mannerist style an international phenomenon and directly influencing the Baroque style of sculpture, in particular, the sculptures of Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
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