Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939)
Czech painter and decorative artist Alphonse Mucha, is responsible for the Art Nouveau style, which prominently featured beautiful, robust young women in flowing robes, often surrounded by lush floral arrangements or halos around their heads, as in La Rousse. Mucha's Art Nouveau style was often imitated, as he was vastly talented in painting, sculpture, poster, magazine, calendar creation and architectural design.
The Art Nouveau movement was often synonymous with Mucha's paintings and other artwork; marked by strong composition, sensuous curves inspired by nature and natural colors. Throughout his life, Mucha attempted to distance himself from the Art Nouveau label, insisting that his work was not a specific style or form, but that his paintings, such as Spirit of Spring, came from within. Thus, Mucha's commercial success often frustrated him, but he remained a patriot of his Czech homeland and considered his triumph as for the Czech people as well as himself.
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