Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902)
American painter Albert Beirstadt, best known for his large, detailed landscapes of the American West, was the preeminent painter of these romantic, luminous scenes during the 19th century. He is among the most industrious and internationally honored American artists.
Born in Germany, Beirstadt moved to Massachusetts when he was two years old with his parents. He returned to Germany to study the treatment of subject and light, a naturalistic quality that characterizes his work, such as in Sierra Nevadas. His energetic paintings, such as Bridal Veil Falls, reflected the spirit of American westward expansion that characterized the latter half of the 19th century.
Bierstadt 's paintings were also a result of his six different travels through the American West while he worked as a Land Surveyor for the U.S. Government. Bierstadt was a founding member of the Luminism movement because his paintings, such as Sunset in the Yosemite Valley, seemed to possess glowing lighting. Bierstadt paintings also emphasize atmospheric elements like fog, clouds and mist, as in Mountain of the Mist. He completed over 500 paintings in his lifetime.
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