Cassius Marcellus Coolidge (1844-1934)
Cassius Marcellus Coolidge was an American painter best known for a series of nine paintings featuring anthropomorphized dogs playing poker, such as A Friend in Need. His paintings have appeared on advertising posters and calendars as well as numerous prints.
It was at an advertising firm in 1903 where Coolidge first painted sixteen oil paintings of dogs in various human poses and situations, nine of them featuring dogs playing poker. Coolidge lived and painted fifty years before the Surrealism movement, making his famous dog paintings well ahead of their time.
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