Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux (1827-1875)

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux was a French painter and sculptor. After his rise to fame, Carpeaux received many portrait commissions during the Second Empire. Of his many sculptures, Carpeaux is best known for his series that includes Mademoiselle de la Danse, which he sculpted for the faade of the Paris Opera House.

A Carpeaux sculpture won the Prix de Rome in 1854 and to further his inspirations, moved to Rome to study the works of the Italian masters. While in Rome, Carpeaux developed a taste for the Baroque Movement, identifying with the movement and spontaneity of the style, as can be seen in the Flore frieze.

Carpeaux sculpted using living subjects he discovered on the streets, creating sculptures in intimate detail and in balanced poses, breaking with the classical tradition of sculpting. He managed to sculpt dignity and emotion, such as with the Negress Captive, in such a way that revolutionized sculpting.


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