Claude Monet (1840-1926)

Claude Monet s paintings are considered to be exemplary of the philosophy of Impressionism, which was to show one s perceptions before nature. The term Impressionism is derived from Monet s painting, Impression, Sunrise and Monet himself was a founder of French Impressionism painting.

Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840 in Paris, but moved to the port town of Le Havre when he was five years old. For much of his childhood, Monet was considered by both his parents and his teachers to be undisciplined and, therefore, unlikely to succeed in life. He enjoyed creating caricatures and by the age of fifteen, was receiving commission for his work. Fellow artist Eugene Boudin taught young Monet the en plein air (outdoor) techniques for painting. He was the in initiator, leader and unswerving advocate of the Impressionist style that can be seen in paintings such as Bordighera.

Later Monet paintings show his maturing method of producing several studies of the same motif in a series, where he changed the canvases with the light or as his interest shifted. He painted Haystacks in varying degrees of light, the Seine, and eventually his Garden at Giverny. He was especially fond of painting these controlled scenes of nature.

Monet s paintings such as Nympheus and Water Lilies at Giverny were inspired by his home and garden in Giverny. He was buried in a nearby cemetary after succumbing to lung cancer in 1926.

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